The Jack Russell Terrier, now called the Parson Russell Terrier, is a British breed that was created in the early 19th century. This breed developed from selective breeding of the fox terrier. The Jack Russell is used today as both a hunting dog and as a pet.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a hyper little dog that is smart and stubborn. They stand between 12 and 14 inches tall and usually weigh between 13 and 17 pounds. Their coat can be either rough or smooth and it is usually broken into two or more colors. You can find this breed in shades of black, white, lemon, and tan. Some of the health concerns you should be aware of when adopting a Jack Russell include eye problems and knee problems.
The Parson Russell Terrier was first bred in the south of England in the mid-1800’s to hunt European red fox, both over and under the ground. The Parson Russell ran with horse and hound as the hunt trailed the fox across the Devon countryside. When the hounds drove a fox to ground the terrier followed, baying to bolt his quarry so that the chase could continue.
The young John Russell was taking a walk across the University Parks towards Marston when he came across a milkman with a terrier “the like of which he had never encountered before”, this terrier, Trump, was to become the first of his foundation stock which produced the type of foxing terrier that we know today as the Parson Russell.
The breed was recognized by the AKC in July 1997, competing in the group since April 2000. The Parson Russell has proven to be one tough competitor, and until 2003, was known as the Jack Russell Terrier
The Parson Russell Terrier breed is one of the newest breeds, an offshoot of the Jack Russell Terrier family of dog breeds. Like other Jack Russell Terriers, Parson Russell Terriers tend to be very, very energetic and active. The breed is workmanlike, active and agile, without exaggeration. It is built for stamina and endurance, overall picture of balance and flexibility.
The Parson Russell Terrier is a conveniently-sized, natural-looking, and sturdy dog. The Parson Russell Terrier looks very similar to the Jack Russell Terrier. The breed’s square head and flat skull have a rectangular muzzle extending from them. Their large round eyes are dark brown and full of emotions.
The Parson Russell Terrier is bold and friendly. It is tenacious and courageous in the field and playful, exuberant and affectionate at home. Having a Parson Russell Terrier means having a dog of tremendous character. It is honest, plucky, intelligent, and at times comical. They are good house pets as well as being extremely good at working, showing, and playing.
The Parson Russell Terrier is an active and determined breed with plenty of spirit. It is enthusiastic about everything that he does, and has bags of stamina and courage. It is fearless and will take on a dog five times his size if it feels like it.
Careful and amusing, it enjoys games and playing with toys. Parson’s are friendly and generally kind to children. Children should be taught not to tease or strike the dog.
Parsons do not do well in apartments because of their high exercise requirements. Because the Parson was bred to hunt, it can be difficult for them to live with some pets such as small rodents. While, they will get along fine with cats if raised with them, it’s not suggested to leave them alone together unsupervised. They are very intelligent and eager to please. Many excel in activities such as obedience, agility, and conformation.
All Parson Russell Terriers shed, regardless of the coat type. Weekly brushing will go a long way to keeping do hair in the waste basket rather than on the furniture. Many terrier grooming tools are available at Internet pet supply shops. As the top coat continues to grow, it will become to long, or what is called “blown”. The coat should then be pulled out or clipped.